Brazil Fazenda Inglaterra Natural Bourbon. A medium-dark single origin coffee from the Bourbon varietal. Roasted on order for The Rabbit Hole IOW by Hasbean coffee. Typical cup characteristics are low body, balanced, with a typically sweet profile that tends to lend itself well to espresso based coffees.
This is a naturally processed Bourbon lot with tasting notes of dark chocolate, walnut and almond butter. Suitable for those seeking a more familiar classic coffee.
- Country: Brazil
- Region: Minas Gerais
- City: Poços de Caldas
- Farm: Fazenda Inglaterra
- Owner: Stephen Hurst
- Farm size: 10 hectares
- Coffee growing area: 5 hectares
- Altitude: 1,200 m.a.s.l.
- Varietal: Bourbon
- Processing system: Natural
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Hasbean coffee is in independent British business who work directly with farmers to source their beans where possible and always pay above fair trade floor prices.
A BRIEF INTRO TO COFFEE VARIETALS
To understand the coffee varietals, it’s important to start with its biology. Coffee or Coffea is a shrub that produces berries from which coffee is extracted. The two main commercial species are C. Arabica and C. Canephora, or more commonly known as Robusta.
C. Arabica is the most highly recognised species; this is because of its higher quality traits. Arabica is native to the Southwestern Highland of Ethiopia, South Eastern Sudan and northern Kenya. The lower quality C. Canephora grows more easily in adverse conditions and altitude, and it’s presumed that it is native to Sub Saharan Africa, from Guinea to Uganda and southern Sudan.
Coffea plants are classified in the family of the Rubiaceae. They are small trees that may grow to five metres when unpruned. The bloom is a white fragrant flower followed by oval berries that are green when immature, they ripen to yellow, then red (best time to pick) before turning black. Under and overripe berries will create problems in the cup; that’s why selective picking is a very important variable in speciality coffee.
Coffee varietals are the hybrids or natural mutations of these two species; it’s believed that the two original varietals of C. Arabica are Typica and Bourbon. The main decision maker for farmers in what varietal to use on their land is based on production (quantity of yield per coffee tree) and resistance to biological or climate problems (frost and insects).
Bourbon coffee plants produce 20% to 30% more yield than the Typica varietal. Its berries have a less conical shape and mature more quickly. The name comes from the French; they planted this varietal in the Island of Bourbon, now called Reunion, in the Indian Ocean. It’s planted and used widely in Brazil, but currently is also being used actively in Central America.